Korean J Adult Nurs.  2014 Apr;26(2):149-158. 10.7475/kjan.2014.26.2.149.

The Effect of Job Stress on Health Promoting Behaviors among Nurses: Mediating Selection, Optimization and Compensation Strategy

Affiliations
  • 1Division of Nursing Science, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, Korea. ffssh@hanmail.net
  • 2Department of Delivery Nursing, Dongguk University Ilsan Hospital, Ilsan, Korea.

Abstract

PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to determine whether Selection, Optimization and Compensation (SOC) Strategy mediated the relationship between job stress and health promoting behaviors among nurses.
METHODS
A descriptive causal relationship research design was used. 245 subjects recruited from the five general hospitals, which have over 500 beds in Seoul and Kyunggi-do, participated in the study by completing a survey which included questions about SOC strategy, job stress and health promoting behaviors. t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficient and multiple regression were used to analyze the data. SPSS/WIN 20.0 was used for all analysis.
RESULTS
The mean job stress score was 47.89; mean SOC strategy score was .71. 'Spiritual development' was the highest reported health promoting behavior with a mean of 3.57. Job stress was significantly and negatively related to health promoting behaviors. The result showed that all the mediating paths of SOC strategy were significant. The partial mediating model showed high goodness of fit demonstrating that the model was outstanding.
CONCLUSION
SOC strategy mediated the relationship between job stress and health promoting behaviors. Applying better SOC strategies among nurses will increase flexibility in responding to job stress and will also better perform health promoting behaviors.

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