Child Health Nurs Res.  2016 Jul;22(3):172-181. 10.4094/chnr.2016.22.3.172.

Effect of Education on Infection Control for Multidrug Resistant Organism on Infection Control by NICU Nurses

Affiliations
  • 1Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Korea.
  • 2College of Nursing, The Research Institute of Nursing Science, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea. ksbang@snu.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
This study was conducted to examine the effect of education on infection control for multidrug resistant organism (MDRO).
METHODS
One group pre-post time series design was used. Infection control education for MDRO infection was provided to nurses working in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU). Knowledge and recognition were evaluated before and after education. Hand hygiene compliance, MDRO isolation rate and central line-associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI) rate were used as outcome variables. Data from 45 nurses was used for analysis.
RESULTS
General knowledge about MDRO increased (p=.011). Responses to questions about image of MDRO and MDRO management tended to change in a positive direction (p=.046). Hand hygiene compliance was 100% at pre-test, 79.5% during education period and 98.4% at post-education period. MDRO isolation rate was 6.83 per 1,000 patient days at pre-test, 10.24 during education period and 6.68 at post-education period. CLABSI rate was 3.76 per 1,000 central line days at pre-test, 6.84 during education period and 4.71 at post-education period.
CONCLUSION
Findings indicate that the education program is effective in improving knowledge about MDRO in NICU nurses. However, more reliable indicators should be used to determine long-term effects.

Keyword

Infection control; Education; Nurses; Neonatal Intensive Care Units

MeSH Terms

Compliance
Education*
Hand Hygiene
Humans
Infant, Newborn
Infection Control*
Intensive Care Units, Neonatal
Intensive Care, Neonatal
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