J Korean Neurol Assoc.  2011 Aug;29(3):199-204.

Caudate Volume Change in Transient Global Amnesia Patients; Voxel-Based Morphometric Study

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Neurology, Chung-Ang University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. neurokwon@cau.ac.kr

Abstract

BACKGROUND
Transient global amnesia (TGA) is characterized by a severe disturbance of memory, lasting less than a day, and complete resolution. However, some authors have suggested the occurrence of permanent memory impairment in such cases. In this study, we investigated whether the gray-matter structure suffers degeneration in TGA, based on the assumption that TGA attacks appear to be related to underlying permanent pathology.
METHODS
T1-weighted magnetic resonance imaging data for 20 TGA and 55 normal subjects were analyzed. The gray-matter volume was measured using voxel-based morphometry. The subjects also completed the Seoul Neuropsychological Screening Battery (SNSB).
RESULTS
The gray-matter volume was reduced in the left superior frontal gyrus, right precentral gyrus, right superior frontal gyrus, left caudate nucleus, left precentral gyrus, left post central gyrus, and both putamens. The SNSB revealed the presence of selective neuropsychological dysfunctions after clinical recovery. Most of the cases exhibited attention deficit, and difficulties in copying of the Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure, and in the Seoul verbal learning test.
CONCLUSIONS
Left caudate nucleus atrophy could explain the attention deficit and memory impairment experienced in these TGA patients. Many patients with TGA have neuropsychological dysfunctions even after they appear to be clinically improved.

Keyword

Transient global amnesia; Voxel-based morphometry; Statistical parametric mapping analysis; Seoul Neuropsychological Screening Battery

MeSH Terms

Amnesia, Transient Global
Atrophy
Caudate Nucleus
Coat Protein Complex I
Humans
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Mass Screening
Memory
Putamen
Verbal Learning
Coat Protein Complex I
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