J Korean Neuropsychiatr Assoc.  2006 Sep;45(5):432-437.

Depressive Disorders among the College Students: Prevalence, Risk Factors, Suicidal Behaviors and Dysfunctions

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Psychiatry, Chook Ryoung Evangelical Hospital, Namyangju, Korea.
  • 2Department of Psychiatry, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea. hahm@snu.ac.kr
  • 3Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea.
  • 4Office of Medical Education & Institute of Human Behavioral Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
  • 5Health Service Center of Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract


OBJECTIVES
The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence and correlates of major and minor depressive disorders in college students.
METHODS
A cross-sectional study was completed on a sample of 906 students (507 men and 399 women) with the self-administered form of Korean version of Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (K-MINI).
RESULTS
Estimated 12-month prevalence of major depressive disorder was 4.2% in men and 9.5% in women, and that of minor depressive disorder was 15.4% in men and 23.2% in women. The factors, 'female gender' and 'age of 20-21', were significantly associated with major depressive disorder. 'Poor adaptation to school' was significantly associated with major depressive disorder both in men and women, but 'poor interpersonal relationship' and 'history of school withdrawal' were associated only in men. Idea of self-injury and suicidal behaviors (suicidal ideation, plan and attempt) were significantly associated with major depressive disorder in women, but were not associated with minor depressive disorder.
CONCLUSION
Major and minor depressive disorders are highly prevalent in the college students. Major depressive disorder was more associated with dysfunctions and suicidal behaviors than minor depressive disorder. Campus-based mental health service is needed for the high-risk students.

Keyword

Major depressive disorder; Minor depressive disorder; Risk factor; Suicidal attempt; Prevalence

MeSH Terms

Cross-Sectional Studies
Depressive Disorder*
Depressive Disorder, Major
Female
Humans
Male
Mental Health Services
Prevalence*
Risk Factors*
Full Text Links
  • JKNA
Actions
Cited
CITED
export Copy
Close
Share
  • Twitter
  • Facebook
Similar articles
    DB Error: unknown error