J Korean Ophthalmol Soc.  1998 Jan;39(1):204-208.

The Blue Sclera in Osteogenesis Imperfecta

  • 1Department of Ophthalmology, College of Medicine, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, Korea.


Osteogenesis imperfecta is relatively rare hereditary disease. It is characterized by frequent multiple bone fractures, spine scoliosis due to fragility of bone and is often associated with blue sclera, deafness and dentinogenesis imperfecta. Three-year-old male patient showed left tibia and fibula fractures and spine scoliosis with mild cortical bone thinning of tibia and fibula in radiologic study and blue sclera with family history of autosomal dominant inheritance pattern on ocular examination. He suffered 4 times lower leg fractures during the last 19 months. But, other features associated with osteogenesis imperfecta such as deafness or dentinogenesis imperfecta were not observed. The authors diagnosed osteogenesis imperfecta clinically and report this case with review of available literature.


Osteogenesis imperfecta; Blue sclera
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