J Korean Orthop Assoc.  1997 Oct;32(5):1252-1259.

Bone Mineral Density in patients with Intertrochanteric Fracture of the Femur

Abstract

The bone mineral density (BMD) has been measured for evaluation of the osteoporosis. Of the various methods of measuring the BMD, dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) has been known to be an accurate, objective, and easily reproducible method. The authors measured BMD in patients with intertrochanteric fracture of the femur for comparison with results in the normal control. The BMD was measured in thirty-two patients with intertrochanteric fracture by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry from March 1993 to March 1995. And the relationship between the severity of osteoporosis and intertrochanteric fracture of the femur was studied. The comparison of BMD between fracture patients and normal control was done in the population below 79 years old of age (23 fracture patients and 90 normal controls). The average BMD in the intertrochanteric fracture group was 0.558g/cm2 in the neck, 0.425g/cm2 in Ward's triangle and 0.568g/cm2 in the trochanter, while in the normal control group it was 0.870g/cm2 in the neck, 0.681g/cm2 in Ward s triangle and 0.772g/cm2 in the trochanter. In comparison with the normal control group, the BMD in fracture group was about 79% of the normal control group. The BMD in the proximal femur was decreased by about 14% with the age increasing decennially after 50 years. The BMD at Ward s triangle and trochanter was much lower in type III and IV of Tronzo classification than in type I and II .The BMD did not show significant correlation with the height and weight of the patients.

Keyword

Femur; Intertrochaneric Fracture; Bone Mineral Density
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