J Korean Geriatr Psychiatry.  2015 Apr;19(1):24-31. 10.0000/jkgp.2015.19.1.24.

Factors Associated with the Attitudes toward Dementia in Community Caregivers: Results from the Nationwide Survey on Dementia Care in Korea

  • 1Department of Neuropsychiatry, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Korea.
  • 2Department of Psychiatry, Woori-Seongsim Psychiatric Clinic, Siheung, Korea.
  • 3Department of Neuropsychiatry, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam, Korea. wakenup1@snu.ac.kr
  • 4Department of Psychiatry, Yonsei University Wonju Severance Christian Hospital, Wonju, Korea.
  • 5Department of Psychiatry, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
  • 6Department of Neuropsychiatry, Inje University Sanggye Paik Hospital, Seoul, Korea.
  • 7Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Konkuk University, Konkuk University Medical Center, Seoul, Korea.
  • 8Department of Neuropsychiatry, Soonchunhyang University Bucheon Hospital, Bucheon, Korea.
  • 9Department of Neuropsychiatry, Gyeonggi Provincial Hospital for the Elderly, Yongin, Korea.
  • 10Department of Neuropsychiatry, Kangwon National University Hospital, Chuncheon, Korea.
  • 11Department of Psychiatry, Chungnam National University Hospital, Daejeon, Korea.
  • 12Department of Psychiatry, Dankook University Hospital, Cheonan, Korea.
  • 13Department of Psychiatry, Dongguk University Gyeongju Hospital, Gyeongju, Korea.
  • 14Department of Psychiatry, Gyeongsang National University School of Medicine, Jinju, Korea.
  • 15Department of Psychiatry, Konkuk University School of Medicine, Chungju, Korea.
  • 16Department of Psychiatry, Inha University College of Medicine, Incheon, Korea.
  • 17Department of Neuropsychiatry, Jeju National University Hospital, Jeju, Korea.
  • 18Department of Brain and Cognitive Science, Seoul National University College of Natural Sciences, Seoul, Korea.


We investigated caregivers' attitudes toward dementia, which may play a key role in the timely treatment and optimal care of people with dementia (PWD), and patient and caregiver factors potentially associated with these attitudes.
As a part of the Nationwide Survey on Dementia Care in Korea, we evaluated the attitudes of 731 community-dwelling caregivers of PWD with the Dementia Attitude Scale (DAS). Using stepwise multiple regression analysis, we investigated the sociodemographic factors of the caregivers, the clinicodemographic factors of the PWD, and the situational factors of caregiving that may influence caregivers' attitudes.
The mean score on the DAS total was 80.65+/-16.0 (maximum : 140). The mean score on the DAS Knowledge subscale, which reflects awareness of dementia, was 42.86+/-9.6 (maximum : 70), and that on the DAS Comfort subscale, which reflects emotional and behavioral attitudes toward dementia, was 37.79+/-10.3 (maximum : 70). Non-spouse caregiver, living in a rural area, completion of a formal care education program (caregiver factors) and female patient, high educational level, high clinical dementia rating and mild behavioral symptoms (patient factors) were associated with a high DAS total score.
We found much room for improvement in caregivers' attitudes towards PWD in Korea, indicating a need for strategies to improve these attitudes, targeting the at-risk group.


Dementia; Attitude toward dementia; Caregivers
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