J Korean Geriatr Psychiatry.  2014 Oct;18(2):64-68. 10.0000/jkgp.2014.18.2.64.

The Impact of Religiosity on Suicide Ideation & Related Variables in the Aged Dwelling in Community

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Psychiatry, Chuncheon Sacred Heart Hospital, Hallym University College of Medicine, Chuncheon, Korea. dohkim@hallym.ac.kr
  • 2Institute for Skeletal Aging, Chuncheon Sacred Heart Hospital, Hallym University College of Medicine, Chuncheon, Korea.
  • 3Gapyeong County Community Health Center, Gapyeong, Korea.

Abstract


OBJECTIVE
This study tried to investigate the effects of religiosity on suicide ideation, depression and well-being in older people.
METHODS
We analyzed data of 455 subjects over 60-year old who responded to Duke Religion Index, Suicidal Ideation Scale, Short Geriatric Depression Scale of Korean version and WHO-Five Well-Being Index. We compared each score of the scales between religious group and non-religious group and tested the moderating effect of religiosity on the relationship between depression and suicide ideation.
RESULTS
Only well-being score of religious group was higher than that of non-religious group. Organizational religious activity had moderating effect on the relationship between depression and suicide ideation. The elderly people who frequently participate in organizational religious activity had low suicide ideation level even if they feel depressed.
CONCLUSION
Religiosity can be a protective factor on suicide in elderly people by giving positive effect on well-being and decreasing suicide ideation.

Keyword

Religiosity; Suicide ideation; Depression; Well-Being
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