J Korean Soc Coloproctol.  2005 Dec;21(6):384-389.

Safety of Conservative Treatment of Colonoscopic Perforation

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Surgery, College of Medicine, Chosun University, Gwangju, Korea. kjkim@chosun.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE: Colonoscopy is a relatively safe procedure. However, various complications, such as hemorrhage or perforation, can occur, and among them, perforation can lead to death. This study was designed to evaluate the clinical characteristics and the treatment of colonoscopic perforation, as well as the availability of conservative treatment as the initial management.
METHODS
We reviewed the medical records of the 11 patients who had been treated for colonoscopic perforation from May 2003 to April 2005.
RESULTS
Six perforations were related to diagnostic colonoscopy whereas five occurred from therapeutic colonoscopy. The sigmoid colon was the most common perforation site (6 patients), followed by the cecum 2 patients and the transverse colon, splenic flexure, and the rectum 1 patient each. Five patients were diagnosed during colonoscopy. Six patients were diagnosed 12~48 hours after the colonoscopy. Three patients who showed definite signs of peritonitis underwent emergency operations. A conservative treatment was done in eight patients; among them, one patient had an operation on the 3rd. day after the perforation. The remaining seven patients underwent conservative treatment and were followed for up to 1 month without complications. Among these patients, one patient had a recurrent perforation on the 33rd day after the initial perforation, and an operation was done.
CONCLUSIONS
These results suggest that conservative treatment in patients with colon perforations is safe and effective unless there are obvious signs of generalized peritonitis.

Keyword

Colonoscopic perforation; Conservative treatment
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