J Korean Diet Assoc.  2011 Aug;17(3):313-326.

Survey on the Relationship between Milk and Milk Product Consumption and Dietary Nutrient Intake among Korean Adolescents

  • 1Department of Foodservice Management & Nutrition, Kongju National University, Gongju 314-701, Korea.
  • 2Department of Food & Nutrition, Dankook University, Yongin 448-701, Korea.
  • 3Department of Food & Nutrition, Hannam University, Daejeon 305-811, Korea. mhkang@hnu.kr


This study was performed to investigate the relationship between milk and milk product consumption and dietary nutrient intake among Korean adolescents. Questionnaire survey and 3-day diet survey using the food record method were completed by a total of 664 subjects. Subjects were divided into three groups, Q1 (low group), Q2 (middle group), and Q3 (high group), according to dairy equivalent of calcium. Dairy equivalent of calcium was determined by the amount of calcium eaten from milk and milk products by individual subjects. As a result, the ratio of school milk service was higher in Q3 (P<0.001). The most frequent answer about the reason for consuming milk and milk products was 'to be taller' followed by 'good taste' and 'health promotion'. Preference for all types of milk such as white-, enriched-, and flavored- milk was higher in Q3 followed by Q2>Q1 (P<0.05). Ratio of mean daily dietary nutrient intakes of dietary fiber, vitamin C, folate, and calcium to RNI was lower than 2/3 for all of the groups. These mean daily dietary nutrient intakes were significantly higher in Q3 (P<0.05), and in particular, mean daily dietary calcium intake, which was the lowest nutrient consumed by Korean adolescents, was also the highest in Q3 followed by Q2>Q1 (P<0.05). The above results suggest that the school milk program is very helpful in encouraging adolescents to consume milk and milk products and consequently ensure their optimal nutrition. Therefore, we should try to encourage adolescents to participate in the school milk program more actively through nutritional education and government policy.


milk; calcium; diet survey; nutritional requirement; adolescent

MeSH Terms

Ascorbic Acid
Calcium, Dietary
Diet Surveys
Dietary Fiber
Dietary Sucrose
Folic Acid
Nutritional Requirements
Surveys and Questionnaires
Ascorbic Acid
Calcium, Dietary
Dietary Sucrose
Folic Acid
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