J Korean Bal Soc.  2003 Jun;2(1):86-94.

Spatio-temporal Changes on c-Fos Protein Expression in the Brain Stem Nuclei following Arsanilate-induced Unilateral Labyrinthectomy in Rats

Affiliations
  • 1Department Physiology, Wonkwang University School of Medicine and Vestibulocochlear Research Center at Wonkwang University, Iksan 570-749, Korea. byungp@wonkwang.ac.kr
  • 2Best ENT's Clinic, Kwangju 503-310, Korea.

Abstract

Spatio-temporal changes on c-Fos protein expression were investigated in vestibular compensation following unilateral labyrinthectomy (UL) induced by injection of arsanilate into the middle ear cavity, chemical labyrinthectomy, or surgical labyrinthectomy in medial vestibular nuclei (MVN), prepositus hypoglossal nuclei (PrH), and inferior olivary nuclei (ION) of Sprague-Dawley rats. Number of spontaneous nystagmus in surgical labyrinthectomy group was 28.2+/-.2 beats/10 sec at post-op 2 hs and the nystagmus disappeared 76 hs after UL. In chemical labyrinthectomy group, spontaneous nystagmus occurred 6 hs after UL and increased up to maximum at 12 hs and disappeared 96 hs. Head deviation in surgical labyrinthectomy group reached a peak at post-op 2 hs and recovered to control level at 144 hs, but chemical labyrinthectomy produced head deviation 24 hs after UL and increased degree of the deviation over time till 144 hs. Expression of c-Fos protein in surgical labyrinthectomy group at post-op 2 hs was 81+/-9.4 cells in ipsilateral MVN to the lesion side and 212+/-0 cells in contralateral MVN, which showed severe asymmetry between bilateral MVN, and decrease of c-Fos protein expression was more in contralateral MVN than in ipsilateral MVN at 6 hs. Chemical labyrinthectomy expressed more c-Fos protein in contralateral MVN 6 hs after UL and in ipsilateral MVN 12 hs after UL, which showed asymmetry of c-Fos protein expression between bilateral MVN. And the expression in ipsilateral MVN of chemical labyrinthectomy group was increased gradually 48 hs after UL and reached a peak at 72 hs. In chemical labyrinthectomy group, expression of c-Fos protein in PrH was increased more in ipsilateral than in contralateral 6 hs after UL and more in contralateral 12 hs after UL, and ION showed more expression of c-Fos protein in contralateral than in ipsilateral 6 hs after UL through 72 hs. These results suggest that the course of vestibular compensation and the temporal expression of c-Fos protein in the brain stem nuclei following UL differed between surgical and chemical labyrinthectomy.

Keyword

Vestibular Compensation; c-Fos; Sodium arsanilate; Medial vestibular nucleus; Prepositus hypoglossal nucleus; Inferior olivary nucleus
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