Korean J Obes.  2016 Jun;25(2):68-76. 10.7570/kjo.2016.25.2.68.

The Inhibitory Effect of Testosterone on PPARγ-induced Adipogenesis

Affiliations
  • 1Division of biomedical Engineering & Health Science Management, Mokwon University, Daejeon, Korea. jsh0227@mokwon.ac.kr

Abstract

BACKGROUND
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ) plays a major role in adipocyte differentiation. Testosterone is well known for inhibiting adipocyte metabolism in men. To investigate the inhibitory mechanism of testosterone on adipogenesis, this study evaluated the effects of testosterone on PPARγ expression and activity in adipocytes using in vitro approaches.
METHODS
After differentiated 3T3-L1 adipocytes were treated with PPARγ agonist troglitazone and sex hormone testosterone, the effects of testosterone on troglitazone-induced triglyceride accumulation and expression of genes involved in adipogenesis were investigated. We also investigated whether testosterone regulates troglitazone-induced PPARγreporter activity in 3T3-L1 preadipocytes.
RESULTS
Testosterone decreased triglyceride accumulation in differentiated 3T3-L1 cells compared with the vehicle treated control group. Testosterone also decreased the expression of PPARγ mRNA as well as PPARγ dependent adipocyte-specific genes, such as adipocyte fatty acid binding protein and tumor necrosis factor α. Moreover, testosterone treatment inhibited triglyceride accumulation, and the expression of PPARγ and adipocyte-specific genes caused by troglitazone in differentiated 3T3-L1 cells. Testosterone decreased troglitazone-induced PPARγ reporter activity. Also, treatment with testosterone led to an inhibition of troglitazone-induced PPARγ reporter activity in PPARγ and androgen receptor (AR) expressed 3T3-L1 preadipocytes.
CONCLUSION
These results suggest that testosterone interferes with the actions of PPARγ on adipogensis by an AR-dependent component. In addition, this study may have provided valuable molecular and biological insights regarding testosterone therapy in obese hypogonadal men.

Keyword

Testosterone; Troglitazone; PPARγ; Adipogenesis; 3T3-L1 adipocytes
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