J Korean Assoc Maxillofac Plast Reconstr Surg.  2012 Nov;34(6):440-448.

Retrospective Clinical Study on Marginal Bone Loss of Implants with Guided Bone Regeneration

  • 1Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, College of Dentistry, Wonkwang University, Korea. seulji58@naver.com


The purpose of this study was to evaluate marginal bone loss of the alveolar crest on implants with or without guided bone regeneration and variables that have influenced.
The clinical evaluation were performed for survival rate and marginal bone loss of 161 endosseous implants installed with guided bone regeneration (GBR) in 83 patients from September 2009 to October 2010 in relation to sex and age of patients, position of implant, implant system, length and diameter of implant. Study group (n=42) implant with GBR procedure, control group (n=41) implant without GBR technique. Simultaneous GBR approach using resorbable membranes combined with autogenous bone graft or freeze-dried bone allograft or combination. Radiographic examinations were conducted at healing abutment connection and latest visit. Marginal bone level was measured.
Mean marginal bone loss was 0.73 mm in study group, 0.63 mm in control group. Implants in maxillary anterior area (1.21 mm) were statistically significant in study group (P<0.05), maxillary posterior area (0.81 mm) in control group (P<0.05). Mean marginal bone loss 1.47 mm for implants with diameter 3.4 mm, 0.83 mm for implants of control group with diameter 4.0 mm (P<0.05). Some graft materials showed an increased marginal bone loss but no statistically significant influence of sex, implant type or length.
According to these findings, this study demonstrated the amount of marginal bone loss around implant has maintained a relative stable during follow-up periods. We conclude that implants with GBR had similar survival rate and crestal bone level compared with implants in native bone.


Dental implant; Guided bone regeneration; Bone resorption

MeSH Terms

Bone Regeneration
Bone Resorption
Dental Implants
Follow-Up Studies
Retrospective Studies
Survival Rate
Transplantation, Homologous
Dental Implants
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