J Nutr Health.  2015 Jun;48(3):258-268. 10.4163/jnh.2015.48.3.258.

The relationship of ready-to-eat cereal consumption with nutrition and health status in the Korean population based on the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2012

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Food and Nutrition, Ansan University, Gyeonggi 426-701, Korea. cechung@ansan.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
The aim of this study was to explore the relationship of ready-to-eat cereal (RTEC) consumption with nutrition and health status. Examination of health status for this project included obesity, abdominal obesity, hypertension, hypertriglyceridemia, hypercholesterolemia, low-HDL-cholesterolemia, diabetes, anemia, and metabolic syndrome.
METHODS
Two groups, RTEC consumers and those who did not consume RTEC, were identified using 24-hour dietary recall data from the 2012 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES). Nutritional intakes and risk factors of the two groups were compared using covariates-adjusted statistical procedures. Statistical analyses were performed using SAS survey procedures, and strata, cluster, and weight were considered. Subjects of analysis of nutritional intake were between the ages of 1 and 75, and those considered in the risk factor analysis were between the ages of 19 and 75.
RESULTS
Results showed that 3.8% of the Korean population was RTEC consumers. Compared to the subjects who did not intake RTEC, RTEC consumers exhibited significantly higher intakes of calcium, thiamin, riboflavin, and vitamin C. It was also discovered that the percentage of people whose intakes were less than EAR decreased with RTEC consumption. RTEC consumption showed significant association with decreased systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, serum triglyceride, and serum total cholesterol. Consequently, prevalence of hypertension among RTEC consumers was significantly lower than that among non-consumers, and the odds ratio for hypertension was 0.19 after adjusting the models for covariates.
CONCLUSION
Results of this study clearly suggest an association of RTEC consumption with improved nutritional status and cardiometabolic risk profile in Korean adults. Conduct of additional studies will be necessary in order to determine the nature of these relationships.

Keyword

Ready-to-eat cereal (RTEC); Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES); disease prevalence; cardiometabolic risk factors

MeSH Terms

Adult
Anemia
Ascorbic Acid
Blood Pressure
Calcium
Edible Grain*
Cholesterol
Ear
Humans
Hypercholesterolemia
Hypertension
Hypertriglyceridemia
Korea
Nutrition Surveys*
Nutritional Status
Obesity
Obesity, Abdominal
Odds Ratio
Prevalence
Riboflavin
Risk Factors
Triglycerides
Ascorbic Acid
Calcium
Cholesterol
Riboflavin
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