J Korean Acad Oral Health.  2015 Jun;39(2):127-133. 10.11149/jkaoh.2015.39.2.127.

Educational needs of an integrated health and oral health project for community dental hygienists

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Dental Hygiene, The Graduate School, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea.
  • 2Department of Dental Hygiene, Daejeon Health Science College, Daejeon, Korea.
  • 3Department of Dental Hygiene, Chungcheong University, Cheongju, Korea.
  • 4Department of Dental Hygiene, DongJu College, Busan, Korea.
  • 5Public Health Center, Busan, Korea.
  • 6Public Health Center, Hoengseong, Korea.
  • 7Public Health Center, Changwon, Korea.
  • 8Department of Dental Hygiene, Wonju College of Medicine, Yonsei University, Wonju, Korea. nami71@yonsei.ac.kr

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To determine the educational needs related to an integrated health and oral health project for community dental hygienists.
METHODS
In this cross-sectional study, a survey was administered to 1,190 dental hygienists working in community health centers and 627 (about 53%) responded. The dependent variable was educational needs from oral health projects; the independent variables were region, job assignments, job position, and degree of self-development. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and chi-square tests, with PASW 20.0 (SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL, USA), and the significance threshold was .05.
RESULTS
The educational needs of community dental hygienists were found to be high, at about 58.5 points out of 100. The highest educational needs were for oral health projects linked to public health projects. In this regard, participants reported a high need for "identification of issues and projects suited to the current state of the region," "establishment of strategies for integration of health and oral health projects," and "prioritization."
CONCLUSIONS
Professional education for community dental hygienists should be expanded to include integration of health and oral health. It should be based on the assessment of these professionals' educational needs.

Keyword

community dental hygienist; community health center; educational needs; job competence
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