J Korean Acad Oral Health.  2014 Dec;38(4):238-245. 10.11149/jkaoh.2014.38.4.238.

Association of oral health status and related factors with oral health impact profile (OHIP-14) among patients in a dental hospital in Gwangju, Korea

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Preventive and Public Health Dentistry, Chosun University School of Dentistry, Gwangju, Korea. prevdent@chosun.ac.kr
  • 2Department of Dental Hygiene, Gwangju Health University, Gwangju, Korea.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the association between oral health status and oral health impact profile (OHIP-14) among patients undergoing treatment in a dental hospital, in order to develop an oral health care method for improving oral health related quality of life (OHRQoL).
METHODS
A total of 980 patients aged 7-89 years were selected from a dental hospital between May 2011 and March 2014. Questionnaires on oral health impact profile (OHIP-14K) were distributed to the patients, and their dental records were examined to find out their oral health status.
RESULTS
OHIP-14 scores of patients with periodontal pockets over 4 mm and presence of chronic general disease were significantly higher than those without pockets and chronic disease (P<0.05). Factors such as age, gender, having prosthesis or dental implant, regular oral health care over a period of 1 year were not significantly associated with OHIP-14 scores.
CONCLUSIONS
Periodontal health status and chronic general disease could be factors associated with OHRQoL. Thus, improving oral symptoms through professional oral care may help improve OHRQoL.

Keyword

Oral health care; Oral health impact profile; Periodontal diseases; Quality of life
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