J Korean Acad Oral Health.  2014 Dec;38(4):238-245. 10.11149/jkaoh.2014.38.4.238.

Association of oral health status and related factors with oral health impact profile (OHIP-14) among patients in a dental hospital in Gwangju, Korea

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Preventive and Public Health Dentistry, Chosun University School of Dentistry, Gwangju, Korea. prevdent@chosun.ac.kr
  • 2Department of Dental Hygiene, Gwangju Health University, Gwangju, Korea.

Abstract


OBJECTIVES
The aim of this study was to determine the association between oral health status and oral health impact profile (OHIP-14) among patients undergoing treatment in a dental hospital, in order to develop an oral health care method for improving oral health related quality of life (OHRQoL).
METHODS
A total of 980 patients aged 7-89 years were selected from a dental hospital between May 2011 and March 2014. Questionnaires on oral health impact profile (OHIP-14K) were distributed to the patients, and their dental records were examined to find out their oral health status.
RESULTS
OHIP-14 scores of patients with periodontal pockets over 4 mm and presence of chronic general disease were significantly higher than those without pockets and chronic disease (P<0.05). Factors such as age, gender, having prosthesis or dental implant, regular oral health care over a period of 1 year were not significantly associated with OHIP-14 scores.
CONCLUSIONS
Periodontal health status and chronic general disease could be factors associated with OHRQoL. Thus, improving oral symptoms through professional oral care may help improve OHRQoL.

Keyword

Oral health care; Oral health impact profile; Periodontal diseases; Quality of life
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