Saf Health Work.  2013 Mar;4(1):46-51.

Local Dynamic Stability Associated with Load Carrying

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Safety Technology, Marshall University, Huntington, WV, USA. liuji@marshall.edu
  • 2Grado Department of Industrial & Systems Engineering, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: Load carrying tasks are recognized as one of the primary occupational factors leading to slip and fall injuries. Nevertheless, the mechanisms associated with load carrying and walking stability remain illusive. The objective of the current study was to apply local dynamic stability measure in walking while carrying a load, and to investigate the possible adaptive gait stability changes.
METHODS
Current study involved 25 young adults in a biomechanics research laboratory. One tri-axial accelerometer was used to measure three-dimensional low back acceleration during continuous treadmill walking. Local dynamic stability was quantified by the maximum Lyapunov exponent (maxLE) from a nonlinear dynamics approach.
RESULTS
Long term maxLE was found to be significant higher under load condition than no-load condition in all three reference axes, indicating the declined local dynamic stability associated with load carrying.
CONCLUSION
Current study confirmed the sensitivity of local dynamic stability measure in load carrying situation. It was concluded that load carrying tasks were associated with declined local dynamic stability, which may result in increased risk of fall accident. This finding has implications in preventing fall accidents associated with occupational load carrying.

Keyword

Local dynamic stability; Load carrying; Accelerometer; Fall accidents
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