Saf Health Work.  2011 Dec;2(4):336-347.

The Risk Rating System for Noise-induced Hearing Loss in Korean Manufacturing Sites Based on the 2009 Survey on Work Environments

Affiliations
  • 1Occupational Safety and Health Research Institute, Koera Occupational Safety and Health Agency, Incheon, Korea. rheeky@hanmail.net

Abstract


OBJECTIVES
In Korea, an average of 258 workers claim compensation for their noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) on an annual basis. Indeed, hearing disorder ranks first in the number of diagnoses made by occupational medical check-ups. Against this backdrop, this study analyzed the impact of 19 types of noise-generating machines and equipment on the sound pressure levels in workplaces and NIHL occurrence based on a 2009 national survey on work environments.
METHODS
Through this analysis, a series of statistical models were built to determine posterior probabilities for each worksite with an aim to present risk ratings for noise levels at work.
RESULTS
It was found that air compressors and grinding machines came in first and second, respectively in the number of installed noise-generating machines and equipment. However, there was no direct relationship between workplace noise and NIHL among workers since noise-control equipment and protective gear had been in place. By building a logistic regression model and neural network, statistical models were set to identify the influence of the noise-generating machines and equipment on workplace noise levels and NIHL occurrence.
CONCLUSION
This study offered NIHL prevention measures which are fit for the worksites in each risk grade.

Keyword

Noise-induced hearing loss; Sound pressure level; Survey on work environments
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