Restor Dent Endod.  2014 Aug;39(3):215-219.

Mental nerve paresthesia secondary to initiation of endodontic therapy: a case report

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Conservative Dentistry, Dr. Z. A. Dental College, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, India. mukhtarandrabi@gmail.com
  • 2Department of Periodontics & Community Dentistry, Dr. Z. A. Dental College, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, India.
  • 3Department of Oral Pathology, Dr. Z. A. Dental College, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, India.

Abstract

Whenever endodontic therapy is performed on mandibular posterior teeth, damage to the inferior alveolar nerve or any of its branches is possible. Acute periapical infection in mandibular posterior teeth may also sometimes disturb the normal functioning of the inferior alveolar nerve. The most common clinical manifestation of these insults is the paresthesia of the inferior alveolar nerve or mental nerve paresthesia. Paresthesia usually manifests as burning, prickling, tingling, numbness, itching or any deviation from normal sensation. Altered sensation and pain in the involved areas may interfere with speaking, eating, drinking, shaving, tooth brushing and other events of social interaction which will have a disturbing impact on the patient. Paresthesia can be short term, long term or even permanent. The duration of the paresthesia depends upon the extent of the nerve damage or persistence of the etiology. Permanent paresthesia is the result of nerve trunk laceration or actual total nerve damage. Paresthesia must be treated as soon as diagnosed to have better treatment outcomes. The present paper describes a case of mental nerve paresthesia arising after the start of the endodontic therapy in left mandibular first molar which was managed successfully by conservative treatment.

Keyword

Endodontic treatment; Mental nerve; Paresthesia; Periapical infection

MeSH Terms

Burns
Drinking
Eating
Humans
Hypesthesia
Interpersonal Relations
Lacerations
Mandibular Nerve
Molar
Paresthesia*
Pruritus
Sensation
Tooth

Figure

  • Figure 1 Area of paresthesia on the first visit.

  • Figure 2 (a) Pre-operative Radiograph; (b) Working length radiograph.

  • Figure 3 Area of numbness after 3 weeks.

  • Figure 4 Area of numbness after 6 weeks.

  • Figure 5 (a) Master cone radiograph; (b) Post-obturation radiograph.

  • Figure 6 (a) Radiograph at 10 week follow up; (b) Radiograph after 1 year follow up.


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