Korean J Urol.  2012 Mar;53(3):184-188.

Long-term Clinical Outcomes of the Tension-free Vaginal Tape Procedure for the Treatment of Stress Urinary Incontinence in Elderly Women over 65

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Urology, Konkuk University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. 20040097@kuh.ac.kr
  • 2Department of Nursing, Suwon Women's College, Suwon, Korea.

Abstract

PURPOSE
The aim of this study was to assess the long-term clinical outcomes of the tension-free vaginal tape (TVT) procedure for stress urinary incontinence (SUI) in elderly women and to identify the factors influencing failure in these cases.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
Women with SUI who underwent a TVT procedure were studied. "Cure" was defined as no urine leakage at all in any circumstances and "improvement" was defined as some urine leakage but a score of over 4 points out of 5 in a satisfaction inquiry. Patients were divided into two groups (middle-aged, <65 years and elderly, > or =65 years) for comparison of clinical outcomes. In the elderly group, patients were subdivided into two groups (cure and no cure groups) and were compared to identify the factors influencing failure.
RESULTS
A total of 136 women (middle-aged group, 106; elderly group, 30) were enrolled in the study. The mean ages of the patients in the 2 groups were 53.5+/-5.9 and 72.0+/-5.0 years and the mean follow-up times were 50.5+/-9.4 and 48.8+/-9.1 months, respectively. The cure and improvement rates in the middle-aged and elderly groups were 80.2% vs. 66.7% and 4.7% vs. 3.3%, respectively (p>0.05). The satisfaction scores in the middle-aged and elderly groups were 3.8+/-1.1 vs. 3.3+/-1.5 points (p>0.05). In the elderly group, the body mass index of the cure and no cure groups were 24.6+/-3.3 kg/m2 and 26.6+/-1.0 kg/m2, and body mass index was the only factor that differed significantly between the two subgroups (p=0.028).
CONCLUSIONS
Our long-term results suggest that TVT is an effective treatment even in elderly women. However, elderly women who are obese should be counseled carefully about the success rate.

Keyword

Eldery; Stress; Suburethral slings; Urinary incontinence
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