Pediatr Gastroenterol Hepatol Nutr.  2012 Sep;15(3):138-144.

Recent Updates on Vitamin D and Pediatric Gastrointestinal Diseases

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Pediatrics, Gyeongsang National University School of Medicine, Gyeongsang Institute of Health Science, Jinju, Korea. seozee@gnu.ac.kr
  • 2Department of Pediatrics, Seoul National University Boramae Hospital, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

The clinical importance of vitamin D has been recently highlighted, due to non-skeletal effects of vitamin D and the fact that vitamin D receptors are observed in many kinds of cells. Vitamin D deficiency or insufficiency results in the development of gastrointestinal diseases, including obesity, hepatitis B, chronic hepatitis C, and inflammatory bowel disease in children. The prevalence of vitamin D insufficiency in 188 Korean adolescents, aged 12-13 years, was 98.9% for boys and 100% for girls. This article reviews recent publications, regarding vitamin D deficiency and childhood gastrointestinal diseases, and introduces new treatment and prevention guidelines for vitamin D deficiency.

Keyword

Vitamin D; Vitamin D deficiency; Gastrointestinal diseases
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