Nutr Res Pract.  2014 Feb;8(1):81-93.

Investigation of variations in energy, macronutrients and sodium intake based on the places meals are provided: Using the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES, 1998-2009)

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Agrofood Resources, National Academy of Agricultural Science, Rural Development Administration, Suwon 441-853, Korea.
  • 2Department of Nutritional Science and Food Management, Soongeui Women's University, 10 Soparo 2-gil, Jung-gu, Seoul 100-751, Korea. rdyang3@gmail.com

Abstract

This study was conducted to investigate nutrient consumption by Korean adults in various places. To accomplish this, we used the 1998-2009 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES). Subjects of this investigation were over 19 years and the study included 37,160 people. The meals were categorized as breakfast, lunch, dinner, and snacks consumed at home, or while eating-out. Investigation of the rate of consumption at serving places based on daily meals and years showed that eating-out generally increased with time. The consumption of meals prepared at home was higher than that of meals consumed anyplace else in 1998, 2001, 2005, and 2007-2009. However, the rate of consumption of home meals decreased from 1998 to 2007-2009, while the rate of eating-out increased during this period. Annual nutrient intake according to serving places with respect to meals, energy, fat, and sodium were significantly lower in home meals than those consumed elsewhere in 2007-2009 relative to 1998. The sodium intake and energy distribution ratio of fat in meals consumed while eating-out increased significantly from 1998 to 2007-2009. The energy, fat and sodium intake and energy contribution ratio of fat consumed in meals at institutions was significantly higher in 2007-2009 than in 1998. Based on these results, additional research is required to develop guidelines for dietary life improvement at each serving place and to address education and policies for balanced nutrition intake.

Keyword

KNHANES (Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey); serving place; daily meal; nutrient intake; sodium intake

MeSH Terms

Adult
Breakfast
Education
Humans
Korea*
Lunch
Meals*
Nutrition Surveys*
Snacks
Sodium*
Sodium
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