Nat Prod Sci.  2015 Jun;21(2):134-140. 10.0000/nps.2015.21.2.134.

Korean Mistletoe (Viscum album var. coloratum) Inhibits Amyloid beta Protein (25-35)-induced Cultured Neuronal Cell Damage and Memory Impairment

Affiliations
  • 1College of Veterinary Medicine, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju, Chungbuk 362-763, Korea. vepharm@cbnu.ac.kr
  • 2Research Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy, Kyungpook National University, Daegu 702-701, Korea.

Abstract

The present study aims to investigate the effect of methanol extract of Korean mistletoe (KM; Viscum album var. coloratum), on amyloid beta protein (Abeta) (25-35), a synthetic 25-35 amyloid peptide, -induced neurotoxicity in cultured rat cerebral cortical neurons and memory impairment in mice. Exposure of cultured neurons to 10 microM Abeta (25-35) for 24 h induced a neuronal cell death, which was measured by a 3-[4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-2,5-diphenyl-tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay and Hoechst 33342 staining. KM (10, 30 and 50 microg/ml) significantly inhibited the Abeta (25-35)-induced apoptotic neuronal death. KM (50 microg/ml) inhibited 10 microM Abeta (25-35)-induced elevation of intracellular calcium concentration ([Ca2+]i), which was measured by a fluorescent dye, Fluo-4 AM. Glutamate release into medium and generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) induced by 10 microM Abeta (25-35) were also inhibited by KM (10, 30 and 50 microg/ml). These results suggest that KM may mitigate the Abeta (25-35)-induced neurotoxicity by interfering with the increase of [Ca2+]i and then inhibiting glutamate release and generation of ROS in cultured neurons. In addition, orally administered KM (25 and 50 mg/kg, 7 days) significantly prevented memory impairment induced by intracerebroventricular injection of Abeta (25-35) (8 nmol). Taken together, it is suggested that anti-dementia effect of KM is due to its neuroprotective effect against Abeta (25-35)-induced neurotoxicity and that KM may have therapeutic role in prevention of the progression of Alzheimer's disease.

Keyword

Korean mistletoe; Viscum album var. coloratum; Amyloid beta protein; Neuroprotection; Cultured neuron; Memory impairment

MeSH Terms

Alzheimer Disease
Amyloid beta-Peptides*
Amyloid*
Animals
Calcium
Cell Death
Glutamic Acid
Memory*
Methanol
Mice
Mistletoe*
Neurons*
Neuroprotective Agents
Rats
Reactive Oxygen Species
Viscum album
Amyloid
Amyloid beta-Peptides
Calcium
Glutamic Acid
Methanol
Neuroprotective Agents
Reactive Oxygen Species
Full Text Links
  • NPS
Actions
Cited
CITED
export Copy
Close
Share
  • Twitter
  • Facebook
Similar articles
    DB Error: unknown error