J Korean Fract Soc.  1995 Jul;8(3):521-527.

Management of Femoral Shaft Fractures in the Adolescent

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Orthopaedics Surgery, Dong Kang Hospital, Ulsan, Korea.

Abstract

Treatment of the femoral shaft fractures in adolescents with open physis is somewhat controversial. Historically, these fractures have been treated with nonoperative methods, but adolescents are less tolerant to the prolonged irnrnobilization than younger children. Futhermore, conservative treatment in this age group may be prone to result in more complications such as malunion and shortening than that in the younger age group. Therefore many authors prefer the operative method for femoral shaft fractures in the adoleseents. The authors reviewed 22 cases of adolescent femoral shaft fractures treated during the period from January, 1958 to June 1992. Seven cases were treated conseratively, eleven by open reduction and intenal fixation with DCP, and four by closed intramedullary nailing. The patients treated with traction and casting showed more often complications such as angular deformity and bone shortening than in the operative methods. In comparing with those cases of plating, the patients of intramedullary nailing had statistically significant shorter ansthesic time and less blood loss in operation. All of the fractures treated with the intramedullary nails healed without malunion or leg length discrepancy, and there was no evidence of growth plate arrest. Results of this study suggest that closed intramedullary nailing of femur fractures in aldolescents is an effective treatment option.

Keyword

Fracture; Femoral shaft; Adolescent

MeSH Terms

Adolescent*
Child
Congenital Abnormalities
Femur
Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary
Growth Plate
Humans
Leg
Methods
Traction
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