Korean J Women Health Nurs.  2012 Sep;18(3):170-179. 10.4069/kjwhn.2012.18.3.170.

Relationship between Menstruation Distress and Coping Method among 3-shift Hospital Nurses

  • 1Graduate School, College of Nursing, Chungnam National University, Daejeon, Korea. jksminam@naver.com
  • 2College of Nursing, Chungnam National University, Daejeon, Korea.


The purpose of this study was to identify menstrual distress, coping method and relief of symptoms among female nurses who worked with 3-shift.
A total of 185 participants were recruited from November 18, 2011 to January 30, 2012. The measurement included menstrual distress and coping method questionnaire and relief of symptoms. The data were analyzed using t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficients with SPSS 19.0.
The level of menstrual distress was moderate (mean 3.0), and there were significant differences in menstrual distress by age, education, stress, regularity of menstrual cycle. Among the coping methods, coping according to menstrual cycle specific was the most frequently used, followed by active recognizing coping, active behavioral coping, and avoidance coping. Among the degree of symptom relief, symptom relief score was the highest when used coping according to menstrual cycle specific. Menstrual distress was associated with stress, adequate amount of sleep, dysmenorrhea and number of coping method total.
Nurses experienced moderate levels of menstrual distress and used various types of coping to relieve it. There is a need for hospital nurses to develop an effective nursing intervention to relieve the menstrual distress and utilize active coping methods.


Menstruation; Distress; Coping; Nurse
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