Korean J Women Health Nurs.  2014 Dec;20(4):309-317. 10.4069/kjwhn.2014.20.4.309.

Relationship between Physical activity and Cardiovascular Outcomes in the Korean Elderly: Review of Experimental Studies

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Nursing, Kangwon National University, Chuncheon, Korea.
  • 2School of Nursing, Soonchunhyang University, Cheonan, Korea.
  • 3College of Nursing, Sungshin Women's University, Seoul, Korea. kclim@sungshin.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to review the relationship between physical activity and cardiovascular outcomes in the Korean elderly.
METHODS
Experimental studies were located using PubMed, CINAHL, PsycINFO, Cochrane, RISS, KISS, and KoreaMed. The selected studies for analysis were 20 articles of cardiovascular outcomes (total cholesterol, triglyceride, high density lipoprotein (HDL), low density lipoprotein (LDL), blood pressure, and pulse rate) from 515 articles.
RESULTS
One-group pretest-posttest design was the most common. The main physical activity was an aerobic exercise. Five of 14 studies reported a significant improvement of total cholesterol. Four of 14 studies found relationship between exercise and triglyceride. Eight of 12 studies reported a significant improvement of HDL, whereas 3 of 9 studies reported a significant improvement of LDL. In over 60% of selected studies, reported significant improvement of blood pressure.
CONCLUSION
Based on the review, it suggests that regular physical activity of the elderly may improve cardiovascular outcomes.

Keyword

Aged; Cardiology; Activity
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