Korean J Women Health Nurs.  2014 Dec;20(4):297-308. 10.4069/kjwhn.2014.20.4.297.

Literature Review for the Effects of Physical Activity on Musculoskeletal Outcomes in Community-dwelling Older Adults

Affiliations
  • 1College of Nursing, Sungshin Women's University, Seoul, Korea.
  • 2School of Nursing, Soonchunhyang University, Chonan, Korea. jeungim@sch.ac.kr
  • 3Department of Nursing, Kangwon National University, Chuncheon, Korea.

Abstract

PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to review the effects of physical activity on musculoskeletal outcomes in older Koreans.
METHODS
Experimental studies were retrieved from the search engines (PubMed, CINAHL, PsycINFO, Cochrane, RISS, KISS, and KoreaMed). The selected studies for analysis were 27 articles of musculoskeletal outcomes (gait, muscle strength, flexibility, balance, grip strength, endurance, body fat, and weight) from 515 articles.
RESULTS
The most common type of physical activity was a resistance exercise. There were significant improvements in gait (71.4%), muscle strength (86.7%), flexibility (63.6%), balance (72.2%), grip strength (71.4%), endurance (71.4%), body fat (57.1%), and weight (28.6%). The activity programs that apply over 150 minutes a week showed greater improvement of 69.5% than 65.0% from those did not meet the guidelines totally.
CONCLUSION
Based on the review, we conclude that regular physical activity in the elderly may improve the musculoskeletal outcomes. To be more effective programs, it is necessary to meet the guidelines of 150 minutes a week or 30 minutes of moderate-intensity activities on 5 days per week for the elderly.

Keyword

Aged; Musculoskeletal system; Activity

MeSH Terms

Adipose Tissue
Adult*
Aged
Gait
Hand Strength
Humans
Motor Activity*
Muscle Strength
Musculoskeletal System
Pliability
Search Engine
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