Korean J Women Health Nurs.  2011 Dec;17(4):378-387. 10.4069/kjwhn.2011.17.4.378.

Predictors of Successful Aging in Korean Older Women Based on Successful Aging Theory (SAT)

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Nursing, Daejeon University, Korea. ejkim@dju.kr
  • 2Department of Nursing, Hyechon University, Korea.

Abstract

PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to explore predictors of successful aging in older Korean women based on a recent mid-range nursing theory, the Successful Aging Theory (SAT).
METHODS
This study utilized a descriptive correlational design. The convenience sample was composed of 174 older women living in the community. Successful aging was measured using the Successful Aging Inventory (SAI). Transcendence was measured using the Self-transcendence Scale (STS). Adaptation was measured using the Coping behavior scale. Stepwise multiple regression was used to identify significant predictors of successful aging.
RESULTS
Transcendence, adaptation, and religion were shown to be predictive of successful aging. This regression model explained 56% of the variance in successful aging. The factor with the highest influence was transcendence which explained 52% of the variance.
CONCLUSION
Gerotranscendence-promoting interventions can be an important consideration in caring for older Korean women. Adaptation and spirituality should be included in a holistic aging care.

Keyword

Women; Aging; Coping behavior
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