Korean J Women Health Nurs.  2011 Dec;17(4):337-345. 10.4069/kjwhn.2011.17.4.337.

A Comparison of the Health Status and Health Promoting Behaviors between Type D Personality and Non-Type D Personality in Middle aged Women

Affiliations
  • 1College of Nursing, Ajou University, Korea.
  • 2College of Nursing, Yonsei University, Korea. euigeum@yuhs.ac

Abstract

PURPOSE
The purpose of this study is to examine the impact of type D personality on health status and health promoting behaviors in middle-aged women.
METHODS
A cross-sectional study design was used with 220 middle aged women. All participants completed 3 measuring tools: a 14-item Type D Personality Scale, a 12-item Short Form Health Survey Questionnaire version 2, and Health Promoting Lifestyle Profile-version II. All were completed in November 2010.
RESULTS
The prevalence of type D personality was 34.5%. Type D women had significantly lower physical (p=.020) and mental health status (p<.001) compared with non-type D women. In addition Type D women reported significantly poorer performance of health responsibility (p=.015), physical activity (p=.001), nutrition (p=.027), spiritual growth (p<.001), interpersonal relations (p<.001) and stress management (p<.001) techniques in health behaviors than non-type D women.
CONCLUSION
Type D personality is a vulnerability factor that affects health status and is associated with poor health promoting behaviors in middle aged women. Therefore, screening for Type D personality is important to detect women at risk for health status and quality of life in community settings in Korea.

Keyword

Personality; Health status; Health behavior; Middle aged; Women
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