Korean J Med Mycol.  2001 Jun;6(2):49-56.

Diagnoses and Differential Diagnoses of Superficial Mycoses

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Dermatology, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea. bkcho@cmc.cuk.ac.kr

Abstract

The diagnoses of superficial mycoses such as dermatophytosis, cutaneous candidiasis and Malassezia infections are relatively easy, and direct smear with KOH and culture with Sabouraud's dextrose agar media are the most useful and valuable methods. Recently, the incidence of onychomycosis has been increasing and some other diagnostic methods, especially for onychomycosis, and their significance has been introduced and investigated. This review was focused especially on the findings and significance of histopathologic and KONCPA methods (KOH Treated Nail Clippings Stained with PAS) for the diagnosis of onychomycosis. Summaries and brief comments were also made for the findings and significance of other diagnostic methods as well as for the differential diagnoses of superficial mycoses.

Keyword

KONCPA; Histopathology; Superficial mycosis; Onychomycosis

MeSH Terms

Agar
Candidiasis, Cutaneous
Diagnosis*
Diagnosis, Differential*
Glucose
Incidence
Malassezia
Mycoses*
Onychomycosis
Tinea
Agar
Glucose
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