Korean J Health Promot.  2011 Sep;11(3):115-121.

Effects of Passive Smoking on Pulmonary Function in Adults

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Family Medicine, Kyungpook National University Hospital, Kyungpook National University School of Medicine, Daegu, Korea. ychfm@knu.ac.kr

Abstract

BACKGROUND
Passive smoking is an important worldwide public health issue. In many Korean studies, parental smoking has been reported to be associated with reduced pulmonary function in children. But few studies have evaluated the effects of passive smoking on pulmonary function in adults. Therefore, we looked into this association in the study.
METHODS
Participants in the study included non-smoking, healthy men (n=46) and women (n=326) from rural Korea enrolled from June to December 2006. Exposure to passive smoking was assessed by a self-administered questionnaire, and standardized pulmonary function tests were performed.
RESULTS
There were significant reductions in forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1, % of predicted) and forced mean expiratory flow rate 25-75% (%) among the men exposed to passive smoke compared with those not exposed (55.7 vs 75.8, P=0.010; 33.9 vs 58.6, P=0.029, respectively). There were significant reductions in FEV1 among men exposed at both workplace and home compared with men exposed only at either workplace or home (42.8 vs 49.3, 64.6; P=0.034). No significant difference in pulmonary function was found between women exposed to passive smoke compared those not exposed. There were, however, reductions in FEV1 and FEV1/forced vital capacity among the women exposed at workplace. Regression analysis showed that passive smoking negatively affected lung function, which were not statistically significant.
CONCLUSIONS
Exposure to environmental tobacco smoke, particularly at the workplace, adversely affects pulmonary function in adults.

Keyword

Passive smoking; Pulmonary function tests; Adults; Workplace

MeSH Terms

Adult
Child
Female
Forced Expiratory Volume
Humans
Korea
Lung
Male
Parents
Public Health
Respiratory Function Tests
Smoke
Smoking
Tobacco
Tobacco Smoke Pollution
Vital Capacity
Surveys and Questionnaires
Smoke
Tobacco Smoke Pollution
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