Korean J Fam Med.  2012 Sep;33(5):305-310. 10.4082/kjfm.2012.33.5.305.

Changes in the Serum Level of High Density Lipoprotein-cholesterol after Smoking Cessation among Adult Men

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Family Medicine, Daegu Medical Center, Daegu, Korea. fmdsky@hanmail.net

Abstract

BACKGROUND
Smoking and obesity are known risk factors for cardiovascular diseases, while low serum levels of high density lipoprotein-cholesterol is an independent risk factor for mortality from ischemic heart diseases. This study examines changes in the serum level of high density lipoprotein-cholesterol depending on changes in the state of smoking and body mass index.
METHODS
A survey and blood check-up were conducted on medical examination, along with acts of smoking among male adults of 25 years or older who visited the health promotion center of Daegu Medical Center from 2007 to 2010, and the results were analyzed. The subjects were divided into two different groups, current smokers and abstainers, and body mass index, total cholesterol, high density lipoprotein-cholesterol, low density lipoprotein-cholesterol, and triglycerides for three years were compared in both groups. Changes between the first and second visits in body mass index and lipid profiles of the two groups were compared to analyze changes after abstaining.
RESULTS
The subject group which showed a significant increase in high density lipoprotein-cholesterol level was only abstainers whose body mass index had decreased by more than 0.5 kg/m2.
CONCLUSION
Smoking cessation increases serum levels of high density lipoprotein-cholesterol. If reduction of body mass index and smoking cessation are combined, the risk of cardiovascular disease will be lower in proportion to the increase in serum high density lipoprotein.

Keyword

Smoking Cessation; Body Mass Index; High Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol

MeSH Terms

Adult
Body Mass Index
Cardiovascular Diseases
Cholesterol
Cholesterol, HDL
Health Promotion
Humans
Lipoproteins
Male
Myocardial Ischemia
Obesity
Risk Factors
Smoke
Smoking
Smoking Cessation
Triglycerides
Cholesterol
Cholesterol, HDL
Lipoproteins
Smoke
Triglycerides
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