Korean J Dermatol.  2004 Oct;42(10):1277-1284.

Correlation between Androgenetic Alopecia and Lipid Parameters for Risk Factors of Coronary Artery Disease

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Dermatology, College of Medicine, Chung-Ang University, Seoul, Korea. drro2@hanafos.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND
The association of androgenetic alopecia and coronary artery disease has not been well documented although many studies have tried to reveal this association. This relationship is still a controversial issue. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to investigate the association between the androgenetic alopecia and lipid parameters for risk factors of coronary artery disease. METHODS: The subjects of this study were 102 patients with androgenetic alopecia who had visited the Department of Dermatology, Pil-dong Hospital, College of medicine, Chung-Ang University during 2 years (from January 2000 to December 2001). The subjects of control group were 40 male individuals who had no androgenetic alopecia, no risk factor of coronary artery disease and no coronary artery disease. RESULTS: 1. There were significant differences in the serum total lipid, phospholipid, triglyceride between the patients and the control group. But there were no significant differences in serum LDL-cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, and total cholesterol between the two groups. 2. There were significant differences in the serum total lipid, phospholipid, triglyceride between frontal baldness patients and the control group (p<0.05). But there were no significant differences in the serum LDL-cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, and total cholesterol between the two groups. 3. There were significant differences in the serum total lipid, phospholipid, triglyceride, LDL-cholesterol, and total cholesterol between vertex baldness patients and the control group (p<0.05). But there were no significant differences in serum HDL-cholesterol between two groups. 4. There were no significant differences in the serum total lipid, phospholipid, triglyceride, LDL-cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol and total cholesterol between androgenetic alopecia patients who were increased serum testosterone and the control group. CONCLUSION: These data suggest that androgenetic alopecia involving the vertex scalp is associated with significantly increased total cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol for risk factors of coronary artery disease. We recommend that dermatologists should investigate the lipid parameters, especially total cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol in vertex baldness patients.

Keyword

Androgenetic alopecia; Lipid parameters; Coronary artery disease

MeSH Terms

Alopecia*
Cholesterol
Coronary Artery Disease*
Coronary Vessels*
Dermatology
Humans
Male
Risk Factors*
Scalp
Testosterone
Triglycerides
Cholesterol
Testosterone
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