Korean J Community Nutr.  1997 Oct;2(4):633-646.

Analysis of Food Consumption Patterns by Income Levels Using Annual Report on the Family Income and Expenditure Survey

  • 1Department of Food and Nautrition, Myungji University, Seoul, Korea.
  • 2Department of human Ecology, Myungji University, Seoul, Korea.


Korea has not tried any food consumption survey so far except the national nutrition survey, which does not show food consumption patterns of different income stratas. The results of the family income and expenditure survey(FIES) by the national statistical office can be precious sources which show household food consumption patterns due to large, random. Samples, year-round survey period and socioeconomic background data. This study analyzed the FIES data to find out food consumption patterns including nutrient intakes and frequently consumed foods by households among different monthly income levels. Big difference was found in food consumption patterns among the quartile-income groups especially the amount of consumed foods, food expenditure, and nutrient intakes. For every food item, the higher the monthly invomr, yhr motr og goof yhry vondumrf. The monthly food expenditure of higher higher income strata was composed with higher percentage of relatively expensive foods compared to other stratas. Nutrient intake levels of lower income strata were 50-60% of the RDA, which showed the necessicity of food assistance programs for those high risk groups to complement the nutritional difficiency.


foodconsumption patterns; income; expenditure survey

MeSH Terms

Complement System Proteins
Family Characteristics
Food Assistance
Health Expenditures*
Nutrition Surveys
Complement System Proteins
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