Korean J Community Nutr.  1999 Jun;4(2):149-156.

Dietary Intakes, Serum Lipids and Hematological Indices in Female Adolescent Smokers

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Nutrition, Seoul Women's University, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

This study was due to investigate the dietary intakes, serum lipids and other hematological indices in female adolescent smokers. The subjects were 85 smokers, whose average pack-year(smoking years on the basis of one pack of cigarettes per day) was 1.26 and 87 nonsmokers who were female high school students in Seoul. An anthropometric measreument was performed and % body fat was also analyzed by the Bioelectrical Impedance Fatness Analyzer(GIF-891). Dietary intakes and food habits were examined through questionnaires and nutrient intakes were analyzed by the Computer Aided. Nutritional analysis program for professional(CAN-pro). Serum TG, HDL-cholesterol and total-cholesterol levels were measured with test kits. Serum glucose, albumin, GOT and GPT were measured by automated dry chemistry system, SPOTCHEM 4410. Hemoglobin, hematocrit, RBC, WBC and MCV were determined by Semi Automated Microcell Counter(F-520). All data were statistically analyzed by SAS PC package program. There was no significant difference in the anthropometric measurements between smokers and nonsmokers. The caloric intake in adolescent smokers tended to be higher than that of nonsmokers but the difference was not statistically significant. In addition, there was no significant difference between smokers and nonsmokers in biochemical indices. Analysis of serum lipids showed that the serum levels of total-cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol of nonsmokers were unexpectedly significantly higher(p<0.05) than those of smokers. Overall results indicate that smoking itself with short pack-year in healthy female adolescent did not seem to influence apparent health and nutritional status.

Keyword

dietary intakes; female adolescent smokers; serum lipids; hematological indices

MeSH Terms

Adipose Tissue
Adolescent*
Blood Glucose
Chemistry
Electric Impedance
Energy Intake
Female*
Food Habits
Hematocrit
Humans
Nutritional Status
Seoul
Smoke
Smoking
Tobacco Products
Surveys and Questionnaires
Smoke
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