Korean J Adult Nurs.  2013 Feb;25(1):95-104.

Factors Influencing Resilience of Patients with Hematologic Malignancy

Affiliations
  • 1Division of Hematology, Yonsei University Health System, Severance Hospital, Seoul, Korea.
  • 2Division of Nursing Science, College of Health Science, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, Korea. ysbyeon@ewha.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to investigate the level of resilience, family support, anxiety and depression in patients with hematologic malignancy, and to determine modifiable psychosocial factors that affect their resilience.
METHODS
Data were collected from 104 patients undergoing curative therapy at 'S' hospital in Seoul. The data were collected from April to May, 2012. The questionnaires included Korean Version of Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale, Family Support Scale and Hospital Anxiety-Depression Scale. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation and stepwise multiple regression.
RESULTS
Resilience had statistically significant correlation with family support (r=.43, p<.001), anxiety (r=-.49, p<.001) and depression (r=-.52, p<.001). Factors influencing resilience were depression, family support, anxiety and time since diagnosis with R-sq. value of 36%.
CONCLUSION
The results of the study show that family support, anxiety and depression have important influences on resilience of patients with hematologic malignancy. Thus, family support needs to be reinforced when developing and implementing nursing intervention, and nurses need to intervene to reduce anxiety and depression of patients with hematologic malignancy.

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