Knee Surg Relat Res.  2014 Dec;26(4):230-235. 10.5792/ksrr.2014.26.4.230.

Proposed Methods for Real-Time Measurement of Posterior Condylar Angle during TKA

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Orthopedics, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India. drdevnim@gmail.com
  • 2Department of Radiodiagnosis, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.

Abstract

PURPOSE
Conventional instruments are known to result in high numbers of outliers in restoring femoral component rotation primarily due to fixed degree of external rotation resection relative to the posterior condylar line (PCL). Outliers can be reduced by determining the patient specific posterior condylar angle (PCA) preoperatively or intraoperatively. There is a paucity of methods that can be used during surgery for determining the PCA. We propose two simple, real-time methods to determine the PCA and hence to measure the axial anatomical variation during surgery.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
The study was conducted using axial computed tomography (CT) scans of the knees of 26 patients. The commercial software K-PACS and our proposed two methods (trigonometric and protractor) were used to measure the angle between the transepicondylar axis and PCL, i.e., PCA. Statistical comparison between the mean angles obtained by K-PACS and our methods were done.
RESULTS
The three methods resulted in similar PCAs. The mean PCA measured by the three methods were similar. The mean PCA value measured by the K-PACS, trigonometric method and protractor method was 6.27degrees (range, 0degrees to 12degrees), 6.23degrees (range, 0degrees to 11.11degrees) and 6.31degrees (range, 0degrees to 12degrees), respectively. There were significant correlations between the K-PACS measured PCA and trigonometrically or protractor measured PCA.
CONCLUSIONS
Our novel, simple, easily reproducible, real-time and radiation-free PCA measurement methods obviate the need for preoperative CT scan for identification of patient specific PCA.

Keyword

Knee; Osteoarthritis; Arthroplasty; Posterior condylar axis

MeSH Terms

Arthroplasty
Axis, Cervical Vertebra
Humans
Knee
Osteoarthritis
Passive Cutaneous Anaphylaxis
Tomography, X-Ray Computed
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