J Rhinol.  2011 May;18(1):43-47.

Clinical Features and Treatment Results of 64 Cases of Nasolabial Cyst

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Otolaryngology, Asan Meidcal Center, University of Ulsan, College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. bjlee@amc.seoul.kr

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES
Nasolabial cysts are relatively rare and are sometimes confused with tumors due to progressive enlargement. Treatment of a nasolabial cyst consists of sublabial excision or endonasal endoscopic marsupialization (EEM). The purpose of this study was to investigate the clinical features of nasolabial cysts in order to provide a basis for correct diagnosis and treatment.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
Sixty-four patients with a nasolabial cyst were surgically treated between December, 1989 and January, 2010 at the Department of Otolaryngology, Asan Medical Center. Their clinical features, radiologic and histopathologic findings, and treatment and outcomes were retrospectively analyzed.
RESULTS
The patients comprised 51 (80%) women and 13 men (20%), with ages ranging from 16 to 69 years with a mean of 43 years. Swelling of the nasolabial fold was the most frequently experienced symptom. There was no right or left side preponderance. Sublabial excision was applied in 57 cases (89%), while seven cases (11%) were treated via the endonasal approach. There was no case of recurrence.
CONCLUSION
Nasolabial cysts should be suspected in patients with swelling of the nasolabial area and nasal obstruction. Enhanced CT may be needed to differentiate from tumors, odontogenic cysts, or other inflammatory lesions. Nasolabial cysts can be successfully treated via sublabial or endonasal approaches. Postoperative complications or recurrence is very rare.

Keyword

Nasolabial cysts; Nose; Nasal cavity; Cyst
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