J Korean Acad Nurs.  2002 Jun;32(3):355-363.

Predictors of Intention to Quit Smoking among Patient with Coronary Heart Disease

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Nursing, Suwon Science College, Korea.
  • 2College of Nursing, Seoul National University, Korea.
  • 3Department of Nursing, Dongshin University, Korea.

Abstract

PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to examine the level of intention to quit smoking and to identify factors influencing intention to quit among patients with coronary heart disease. Method: The subjects consisted of 80 male patients with coronary heart disease (angina pectoris, myocardial infarction) at three hospitals in Seoul. The data were collected with self reporting in a structured questionnaire. Stepwise multiple regression was used to identify predictors of intention to quit. Included variables were attitudes toward smoking cessation, subjective norms, perceived behavioral control, usefulness of smoking cessation, and previous attempts to quit. RESULT: 1. The mean score for intention to quit was 11.1(+/-6.1) which was lower than median score of the scale. 2. There were significant correlations between the all predictive variables and the intention to quit(r=.24-.48, p<.05). 3. usefulness of smoking cessation, perceived behavioral control, and previous attempts to quit explained 34.6% of the variance for intention to quit.
CONCLUSION
usefulness of smoking cessation, perceived behavioral control, and previous attempts to quit were identified as important variables in explaining the intention to quit smoking among patients with coronary heart disease. Thus, it is necessary to try to enhance this factors for increasing intention to quit among patients with coronary heart disease.

Keyword

Coronary Heart Disease; Intention to quit; Predictor
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