J Korean Acad Nurs.  2002 Dec;32(7):949-959.

Nursing Education Systems in Korea, China and the United States of America and its Future Directions

  • 1Department of Nursing, Sahmyook University, Seoul, Korea. shinsr@syu.ac.kr
  • 2College of Nursing Science, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, Korea.
  • 3College of Nursing, Yanbian University, China.


BACKGROUND: Korea and the People's Republic of China received their nursing traditions from European and the American missionaries in the late 1800's. However, the stages of nursing education development and its standards are not same among countries. Korea, People's Republic of China and the United States have gone through various internal socio-political, hierarchical changes which impact development of its nursing education systems in the past. PURPOSE AND METHODS: In this paper the authors have endeavored to review undergraduate nursing education systems in Korea, China and the United States in consideration with their unique historical social and political background of its development. Result: Korea has two nursing education systems: associate and baccalaureate. China developed three types of nursing education systems: certificate, associate and baccalaureate. The United States, one of the countries, which nurtured the modern nursing education, has four types of nursing education systems: certificate, associate, diploma and baccalaureate. Furthermore, the authors have discussed on several core and common issues to be considered for future directions on nursing education systems for three countries.


nursing education system; Korea; People's Republic of China; United States
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