J Korean Acad Fundam Nurs.  2014 Aug;21(3):264-274. 10.7739/jkafn.2014.21.3.264.

Fall Risk Factors and Characteristics of an Acute Hospital Setting across Clinical Departments

Affiliations
  • 1Asan Medical Center, Korea. sglee73@amc.seoul.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
This study was done to determine inpatient fall rates in an acute hospital setting and to explore risk factors and characteristics across clinical departments.
METHODS
The medical records and standardized fall reports of 416 patients admitted between January 1 and December 31, 2012 were reviewed. Descriptive statistics and statistical tests were used, including: t-test, chi2-test, ANOVA.
RESULTS
The total fall rate per 1,000 inpatient days was 0.49. Fall rate, fall risk factors and characteristics such as age, type of fallers and mean MFS (Morse Fall Scale) differed significantly among clinical departments.
CONCLUSIONS
The analysis results show that the fall rates, fall risk factors and characteristics of acute hospital inpatient falls varied significantly across clinical departments. The findings of this study suggest that hospitals should consider differences in fall related characteristics across clinical departments when implementation fall prevention strategies and interventions.

Keyword

Inpatients; Accidental falls; Risk factors; Hospital departments

MeSH Terms

Accidental Falls
Hospital Departments
Humans
Inpatients
Medical Records
Risk Factors*
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