Korean J Urol.  2003 Aug;44(8):776-779.

A Comparison of Surgical Morbidity and Postoperative Voiding Function in Infants and 1-2 year-old Children after Ureteral Reimplantation

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Urology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. swhan@yumc.yonsei.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE: The advisability of early ureteral reimplantation in infants is controversial, and to our knowledge no long-term results are available. Whether early ureteral reimplantation in infants increases surgical morbidity, compared to ureteral reimplantation after the age of 1 year, was investigated, and the long-term voiding function after ureteral reimplantation evaluated.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
Between 1993 and 1999, 130 children underwent ureteral reimplantation at our institution. The diagnosis was a primary vesicoureteral reflux, obstructed megaureter and an ectopic ureter. Two groups of 64 children that underwent ureteral reimplantation were compared. Group 1 included children younger than 12 months at surgery and group 2 children those between 1 and 2 years. The long term results were evaluated with regard to surgical outcome, voiding function and urinary tract infection. An analysis of the voiding function included family interviews, uroflowmetry and post-void residual urine measurements.
RESULTS
Complete long-term data were available for 47 boys and 17 girls. In Group 1, there were no complications in 50 renal units(96%), while two had postoperative reflux, and underwent macroplastique injection. In Group 2, there were no complications in 35 renal units(97.1%), while one patient had postoperative reflux, which resolved spontaneously. No significant difference was noted in the postoperative post-void residual urine volumes between the two groups.
CONCLUSIONS
In our samples, early ureteral reimplantation resulted in a technical success rate of greater than 95% and low postoperative morbidity, with the exception of urinary tract infection. Our data show satisfactory bladder emptying and normal uroflowmetry. When indicated, ureteral reimplantation can be performed safely in young children, without fear of damaging bladder function.

Keyword

Bladder; Vesico-ureteral reflux; Infant
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