J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs.  2005 Sep;16(3):282-288.

The Effects of a Smoking Cessation Program on Nicotine Dependency and Self-Efficacy for Adolescents

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Nursing, Semyung University, Korea. kyungshinpaek@hanmail.net

Abstract

PURPOSE
This study was to verify the effects of a smoking cessation program for adolescents. METHOD: This study was designed to use one group with one pre-test and two post-tests. One post-test was done immediately after the completion of the program and the other after eight weeks. The subjects were 21 male high school students who were smokers when this study was carried out. The smoking cessation program consisted of 5 sessions with smoking cessation education and e-mail service after the program. Variables in this research were nicotine dependency (using Fagerstrom Tolerance Questionnaire) and self-efficacy. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics and Wilcoxon signed rank test.
RESULTS
Immediately after the program and eight weeks later, nicotine dependency for continuous smokers decreased significantly (after the program: Z=-2.319, p=.020, eight weeks later: Z=-1.999. p=.046) and self-efficacy increased significantly (after program: Z=-3.024. p=.002. eight weeks later: Z=-2.381. p=.017).
CONCLUSIONS
The smoking cessation program was effective in decreasing nicotine dependency in the continuous adolescent smokers and in increasing their self-efficacy, Further study needs to be made with a lager number of smoking adolescents using control group design.

Keyword

Smoking cessation program; Nicotine dependency; Self efficacy
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