J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs.  2012 Mar;23(1):91-101. 10.12799/jkachn.2012.23.1.91.

The Effects of Exercise in the Frail Elderly

  • 1Department of Nursing, Daejeon University, Daejeon, Korea. jheyeline@dju.ac.kr


This study was conducted to examine the effects of exercise on physiological, physical and psychological functions of the frail elderly.
The research design was a nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest design. Data were collected from September 9 to October 10, 2009. The subjects were 56 frail elders who agreed to participate in this study and each subject was randomly assigned to either the experimental group (n=28) or the control group (n=28). The exercise program was provided to each subject in the experimental group twice in a week for 6 weeks. Data were analyzed with frequency, chi2-test, Kolmogorov-Smirnor test and independent t-test using SPSS/WIN 12.0.
There was a significant improvement in psychological functions in the experimental group compared to the control group (t=1.726, p=.045).
The exercise program showed the effects to improve the psychological functions of the frail elderly with chronic disease. In recommendation, this exercise program could be utilized as a health promoting program for the frail elderly.


Frail elderly; Exercise; Depression; Quality of life

MeSH Terms

Chronic Disease
Frail Elderly
Quality of Life
Research Design

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