J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs.  2012 Mar;23(1):91-101. 10.12799/jkachn.2012.23.1.91.

The Effects of Exercise in the Frail Elderly

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Nursing, Daejeon University, Daejeon, Korea. jheyeline@dju.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
This study was conducted to examine the effects of exercise on physiological, physical and psychological functions of the frail elderly.
METHODS
The research design was a nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest design. Data were collected from September 9 to October 10, 2009. The subjects were 56 frail elders who agreed to participate in this study and each subject was randomly assigned to either the experimental group (n=28) or the control group (n=28). The exercise program was provided to each subject in the experimental group twice in a week for 6 weeks. Data were analyzed with frequency, chi2-test, Kolmogorov-Smirnor test and independent t-test using SPSS/WIN 12.0.
RESULTS
There was a significant improvement in psychological functions in the experimental group compared to the control group (t=1.726, p=.045).
CONCLUSION
The exercise program showed the effects to improve the psychological functions of the frail elderly with chronic disease. In recommendation, this exercise program could be utilized as a health promoting program for the frail elderly.

Keyword

Frail elderly; Exercise; Depression; Quality of life

MeSH Terms

Aged
Chronic Disease
Depression
Frail Elderly
Humans
Quality of Life
Research Design

Cited by  2 articles

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Hung Sa Lee, Dohyun Lee
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2013;24(4):427-437.    doi: 10.12799/jkachn.2013.24.4.427.

The Effects of Home Visit Healthcare Using a Complex Program on Community-dwelling Frail Elders' Strength, Frailty, and Depression
Hee Gerl Kim
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2015;26(4):405-414.    doi: 10.12799/jkachn.2015.26.4.405.


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