J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs.  2012 Mar;23(1):63-70. 10.12799/jkachn.2012.23.1.63.

Factors Affecting Alcohol Drinking of Sixth-grade Children in South Korea

  • 1Department of Nursing, Chodang University, Muan, Korea. yrhong@chodang.ac.kr
  • 2Department of Nursing, Kwangju Women's University, Gwangju, Korea.


The purpose of this study was to identify factors influencing 6th graders' alcohol drinking.
Data were collected by questionnaires from 524 6th-graders in G City. The data were analyzed using SAS 9.1.3 programme.
Of the children, 63.7% had no education about drinking, implying that drinking prevention education is not done properly in elementary schools. In addition, 70.6% of the children experienced drinking. Among those who had drinking experience, 24.9% experienced the first drinking before entrance into elementary school and this was the highest percentage. Logistic regression analysis showed that the predictors are religion, family type, mother's drinking frequency, and alcohol attitude.
The results of this study suggest that complementing home environment and parenting education would be effective for reducing children's drinking. Also, it is recommended that drinking prevention programs for children should be developed in consideration of various factors affecting children's drinking including the factors identified in the present study, and the effectiveness of those programs should be assessed.


Children; Drinking; Attitude

MeSH Terms

Alcohol Drinking
Complement System Proteins
Logistic Models
Republic of Korea
Surveys and Questionnaires
Complement System Proteins


1. American Public Health Association. Chronic disease and emergency department: A current review. Alcohol Alcohol. 1998. 37:307–312.
2. Alamian A, Paradis G. Correlates of multiple chronic disease behavioral risk factors in canadian children and adolescents. Am J Epidemiol. 2009. 170:1279–1289.
3. Stacy AW, Zogg JB, Unger JB, Dent CW. Exposure to televised alcohol ads and subsequent adolescent alcohol use. Am J Health Behav. 2004. 28:498–509.
4. Bancroft A, Wilson S. The risk gradient in policy on children of drug and alcohol users: Framing young people as risky. Health Risk Soc. 2007. 9:311–322.
5. Bandura A. Social learning theory. 1977. Englewood Cliff, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
6. Blume AW, Lostutter TW, Schmaling KB, Marlatt GA. Beliefs about drinking behavior predict drinking consequences. J Psychoactive Drugs. 2003. 35:395–399.
7. Carver VC, Kittleson MJ, Andrews VJ. Assessing alcohol consumption attitudes of adolescent drinkers: Implications for alcohol education programs. J Health Behav Educ Promot. 1991. 15:32–36.
8. Cara ER, Danielle D, Elizabeth DH, Laurie C. Children of alcoholics: Risk and resilience. Prev Res. 2006. 13(4):3–6.
9. Desousa C, Murphy S, Roberts C, Anderson L. School policies and binge drinking behaviors of school-aged children in Wales-a multilevel analysis. Health Educ Res. 2008. 23(2):259–271.
10. Cho SG, Kim YS, Kim JW, Jekarl J. National survey on alcohol use among pre-adolescents and adolescents. 2001. Goyang: Korea Drinking Culture and Alcohol Research Foundation.
11. Christiansen BA, Goldman MS. Alcohol rated expectancies vs deprogram graphic background variables in the prediction of adolescent drinking. J Consult Clin Psychol. 1983. 51(2):249–257.
12. Christiansen BA, Smith GT, Roehling PV, Goldman MS. Using alcohol expectancies to predict drinking behavior at one year. J Consult Clin Psychol. 1989. 57:93–99.
13. Moore E, Coffey C, Carlin JB, Alati R, Patton GC. Assessing alcohol guidelines in teenagers results from a 10-year prospective study. Aust N Z J Public Health. 2009. 33:154–159.
14. Glasper A. Alcohol abuse among young people: theinconvenient truth. Br J Nurs. 2010. 19:144–145.
15. Gmel G, Rehm J. Harmful alcohol use. Alcohol Res Health. 2003. 27:52–62.
16. Han SS, Kim KM. Influencing factor on self-esteem in adolescents. J Korean Acad Nurs. 2006. 36:37–44.
17. Hayes L, Smart D, Toumbouron JW, Sanson A. Parental influences on adolescent alcohol use (Research Report no. 10). 2004. Melbourne: Australian Institute of Family Studies.
18. Keefe K. Perceptions of normative social pressure and attitudes toward alcohol use: Changes during adolescence. J Stud Alcohol. 1994. 55:46–54.
19. Komro KA, Maldonado-Molina MM, Tobler AL, Bonds JR, Muller KE. Effects of home access and availability of alcohol on young adolescents' alcohol use. Addiction. 2007. 102:1597–1608.
20. Kim SJ, editor. The great encyclopedia of nursing science. 1997. Seoul, Korea: Korea Dictionary Research.
21. Kim YM, Jung MH. The development and effect of web-based preventive education program for elementary school students. J Korean Soc Health Educ Promot. 2005. 22(4):17–40.
22. Korea Drinking Culture and Alcohol Research. National survey on alcohol use among pre-adolescents and adolescents (Research Report 2001-4). 2001. Goyang: Author.
23. Lee DS, Jung MS. The analysis of the effect factor on drinking behavior of teenagers. Soc Welf Policy. 2007. 31:125–148.
24. National Institutes of Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. Underage drinking. Alcohol Alert. 2006. 67:1–7.
25. Moon JS, Sohng KY, Park SN, Kim HS. Educational needs of drinking prevention for primary school students. Korean J Child Health Nurs. 2003. 9:180–189.
26. Moon JS, Yang S, You YS. A survey on status of drinking among elementary school students in seoul. J Korea Community Health Nurs Acad Soc. 2001. 15:73–82.
27. Moon JS, Yang S, Sohng KY, Park SN. A survey on knowledge and attitude in drinking of elementary school students in seoul. J Korea Community Health Nurs Acad Soc. 2001. 15(2):285–300.
28. Suh KH, Yang SA. Relations of the knowledge of alcohol effects and attitudes toward alcohol use to factors of the drink behavior among middle school students. J Korean Alcohol Sci. 2010. 11:15–26.
29. The National Institute of the Korean Language. Standard Korean language dictionary. 2011. 05. 05. Retrieved October 9, 2008. from http://www.korean.go.kr/09_new/index.jsp.
30. Widom CS, Hiller-Sturmhöfel S. Alcohol abuse as risk factor for and consequence of child abuse. Alcohol Res Health. 2001. 25:52–57.
Full Text Links
export Copy
  • Twitter
  • Facebook
Similar articles
Copyright © 2023 by Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors. All rights reserved.     E-mail: koreamed@kamje.or.kr