J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs.  2012 Mar;23(1):22-30. 10.12799/jkachn.2012.23.1.22.

The Effects of an Aerobic Exercise Program on Mobility, Fall Efficacy, Balance, and Stress in the Elderly at Senior Centers

Affiliations
  • 1College of Nursing, Eulji University, Seongnam, Korea.
  • 2College of Nursing, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea.
  • 3Department of Nursing, Daebul University, Yeongam, Korea. janghryu@hanmail.net

Abstract

PURPOSE
This study was conducted in order to investigate the effects of an aerobic exercise program on mobility, fall efficacy, balance, and stress in the elderly at senior centers.
METHODS
This research was conducted as a quasi-experimental pretest and posttest control and experimental comparison study. The subjects were 41 senior residents (Exp.=18, Cont.=23) who aged above 65 at senior centers in S City. The period of time for data collection and intervention was from August 25 to December 5, 2008.
RESULTS
Mobility (t=-3.10, p<.01) in the experimental group were significantly higher than those in the control group without an aerobic exercise program. However, fall efficacy (t=1.28, p=.207), balance (t=-.53, p=.602; t=.36, p=.723), stress (t=-1.32, p=.199) in the experimental group was not significantly higher than that in the control group.
CONCLUSION
These findings confirmed that aerobic exercise programs make a contribution to improving mobility in the elderly at senior centers.

Keyword

Mobility limitation; Accidental falls; Postural balance; Life stress; Elderly
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