J Korean Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry.  2014 Jun;25(2):53-64. 10.5765/jkacap.2014.25.2.53.

Non-Psychopharmacologic Therapy of Tic or Tourette's Disorder

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Psychiatry, College of Medicine, Dankook University, Cheonan, Korea. paperose@dku.edu
  • 2Department of Psychology, College of Public Service, Dankook University, Cheonan, Korea.
  • 3Department of Psychiatry, College of Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

Tic disorder is a childhood neuropsychological disorder characterized by abrupt, involuntary, and repetitive stereotyped muscle movement or vocal sound. Tourette's disorder shows a chronic prognosis, and can last for life if no treatment is applied. Although tic disorder has been known for ages, the underlying cause is still not well known. Non-pharmacological treatments have long been used for the tic disorder, but few clinical studies were conducted. However, the European Society for the Study of Tourette's Syndrome recently issued non-pharmacologic guidelines for treatment of tic disorders based on the research findings obtained so far. In addition, guidelines for non-pharmacologic evidence-based treatment were reported in Canada, North America. By synthesizing the newly reported foreign guidelines for treatment and review articles, the aim of this study is to investigate the non-pharmacologic therapies used for treatment of tic disorder or Tourette's disorder.

Keyword

Tic Disorder; Tourette's Disorder; Non-Pharmacologic Therapy
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