J Korean Acad Adult Nurs.  2008 Apr;20(2):231-238.

Relation of the Depression and Attention Concentration by Smoking Status among Adolescents

  • 1College of Health Science, Ewha Womans University, Korea.
  • 2Department of Nursing, Hyechon College, Korea. lhs7878@hanmail.net


PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between depression and attention concentration by smoking status among adolescents. METHODS: Depression was measured by Radloff's Center for Epidemiological studies Depression(1977) and modified by Korean(Chon & Lee, 1992), attention concentration measured by Nideffer's Test of Attention and Interpersonal Style(1976) and modified by Korean adolescents(Seo, 2004; Shin, 1988). The collected data was analyzed by the Mean +/- SD, chi-square-test, ANOVA, Scheffe and Pearson correlation coefficient(SPSS 13.0).
1. The smoking level appeared to heavy smoking group 31(22%), light smoking group 15(11%), non smoking group 92(67%). 2. The smoking level was different between the time to begin smoking, period of smoking and smoking amount/day. 3. Smoking group's depression was higher than those of the non smoking group and attention concentration was lower than those of the non smoking group. 4. The smoking amount had a significant positive correlation with depression and a significant negative correlation with attention concentration. Depression had a significant negative correlation with attention concentration.
The result of this study offered the basis data for smoking prevention and treatment of adolescents.


Smoking, Depression, Attention
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