J Korean Acad Adult Nurs.  2006 Dec;18(5):699-708.

Relationship among Daily Life Stress, Self-Efficacy, Hardiness, and Health Behavior of University Students

  • 1Department of Nursing, Inha University, Korea. ywlee@inha.ac.kr


PURPOSE: This correlational study was undertaken to examine the relationship among daily life stress, self-efficacy, hardiness, and health behavior of university students.
Two hundred sixty five university students were gathered from the undergraduate classes. Data were collected through self-reported questionnaires which included daily life stress scale, self-efficacy scales, hardiness scales, and health behavior scales.
The daily life stress level had a maximum score of 4 with a mean score of 2.09 and the mean score of health behavior was 2.56. A negative correlation exists among daily life stress, self-efficacy, and health behavior. The self-efficacy is positively correlated with the health behavior. According to the hardiness factor, health behavior is positively correlated with hardiness. In the subareas, health behavior is positively correlated with control, commitment, and challenge. The self-efficacy factor was positively correlated with challenge.
In conclusion, based onthe results of this study, both self-efficacy and hardiness are useful concepts in reducing the stress level and in increasing the health promoting behavior. Therefore, it is necessary to develop a program based on both self-efficacy and hardiness.


Daily Life Stress; Self-Efficacy; Hardiness; Health behavior
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