Korean J Sports Med.  2014 Dec;32(2):85-91. 10.5763/kjsm.2014.32.2.85.

Risk Factors of Past Injuries among of the Sports Climbing Athletes Who Participated in the National Sports Festival

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Gyeongsang National University Hospital, Gyeongsang National University School of Medicine, Jinju, Korea. hbinpark@gnu.ac.kr

Abstract

The purpose
of this study is to evaluate the risk factors regarding the injuries from sports climbing through an epidemiologic study. We performed a questionnaire survey on sports climbers who participated in the 93th Annual Sports Festival in Daegu, in October 2012. Sixty-nine climbers (male: 57, female: 12) responded to the survey. The t-test was used for comparisons of the incidence of injury, according to sex and career. The multiple linear regression analysis and the logistic regression analysis were used for the evaluation of risk factors that affected the occurrence of injury. Overall, 58 (84.06%) climbers had history of injury. The incidences of climbing related injuries were higher than the incidences of cross-training related injuries. However, there were no significant difference (p=0.680). Also, there was no significant difference between males and females (p=0.467), and professionals and amateurs (p=0.076). Fifty (72.46%) out of 69 climbers had history of traumatic injuries, and 40 (57.97%) climbers had history of overuse injuries. Significant risk factors for traumatic injuries are leading (odds ratio, OR=17.854), speed (OR=45.246), and bouldering (OR=13.595). Significant risk factors for overuse injuries are leading (OR=23.252) and bouldering (OR=41.260). Significant risk factors for middle phalanx injuries, which happens most frequently in climbing related injuries, are leading (OR=20.625) and bouldering (OR=25.756). For traumatic injuries, leading, speed, and bouldering are prone to cause injuries, and leading and bouldering are significant factors for overuse injuries. Therefore, it is considered that the systematic organized training can help reduce the incidence of injury.

Keyword

Climbing; Athletic injuries; Traumatic injury; Risk factors
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